Thus did Jehovah, in a whirlwind, remind Job of the wonders of creation. In the Arctic of today the frozen face of the deep is changing and man seeks a scientific explanation for its growth and shrinkage.


Some scientists estimate that the polar ice pack is 40 percent thinner and 12 per cent less in area than it was a half-century ago, and that even within the lifetime of our children the Arctic Ocean may open, enabling ships to sail over the North Pole, […]

Although the idea that a solid ice sheet covers the central Arctic has lingered stubbornly in the popular fancy, the northern cap of ice worn by our planet is actually a thin crust — on the whole, only about seven feet thick — over an ocean two miles deep in places.

Known as the pack, this ice is constantly shifting, splitting, changing. The sea upon which it rides is bounded by the norther coasts of Europe, Asia, and North America — vast stretches of tundra (where no trees are able to grow) and taiga (where the trees are stunted).


Source: Walter Sullivan, The New York Times