STOCKHOLM (A.P.) — The highest point of Sweden has sunk nine metres during the last 45 years, Professor Hans W. Ahlmann stated after a glaclological investigation this summer.
The height of the Ice clad Kebnekalse in Northern Lapland was 2123 metres in 1902, but it is now 2114 metres.
The reduction of the glaciers of Sweden is part of a general phenomenon of the northern latitudes. Many glaciers and snowflelds around the North Atlantic have vanished completely in this century.
Since the middle of the 19th century the air has become warmer during the winter, spring, and autumn In northern countries, and also during the summer in the Arctic. The cause is not known, but one theory is that greater quantities of heat are transported from the south to the north by an intensified atmospheric circulation.
The ocean currents going north wards are also carrying more salt and warm water. The territory of the drift-ice has diminished considerably, and some fish species, notably the cod, have migrated towards the north.
The migration of fish has had a great economic significance, but the better conditions for the vegetation on northern latitudes are of still greater importance. In the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America the woods are moving northwards, trees are growing faster, and the firs are giving cones with better seeds. The cultivation of grain and vegetables in the far north has also profited by the milder climate.
Source: Associated Press (Daily Mercury)